Speaking in Buka, Ahern urged all sides to recognise a vote that was about 'your peace, your history, and your future' and showed 'the power of the pen over weapons'. Gold panning on the fringe of Bougainville's Panguna mine, decades after it was closed for large scale mining. Choose date and time: × Yesterday. Independence to me is a process," she said. Politically, Bougainville is currently an autonomous region within Papua New Guinea. The end of mining on the island has also played a role, and it has been suggested a newly independent Bougainville could resurrect resources projects in order to kick-start its economy. The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls. The 1988-1998 war had its roots in a struggle over revenues from the now-shuttered Panguna copper mine, which at one point accounted for more than 40 per cent of Papua New Guinea's exports. Research from the Lowy Institute has suggested there is a risk for another crisis on Bougainville if, in the event of an overwhelming vote in favour of independence, PNG's Parliament failed to ratify the decision. The University of Auckland's Jason Brown explains why it's worth watching with interest. But Papua New Guinea (PNG)’s autonomous region of Bougainville is farther along than most to achieving independence – and becoming the world’s 194 th country. "It's very difficult to find out the status of each of the laws, powers and functions that are being transferred … There's a number of additional powers that haven't been handed down as yet," she said. The referendum is an important step in the peace process between groups on Bougainville and Papua New Guinea, following the bloody Bougainville Civil War. While PNG's Prime Minister James Marape has said he is personally in favour of Bougainville remaining part of Papua New Guinea, Dr McKenna said she doubted a landslide vote in favour of independence would receive "an outright no" from Port Moresby. The process (1) _____ for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. The choice being put to voters in Bougainville is full independence from Papua New Guinea, or a greater degree of autonomy from Papua New Guinea. Photo: Ness Kerton/AFP via Getty Images "Papua New Guinea … Did they have a lot of money when they gained independence in 1975? Another factor is the island's rich resources: Bougainville was once home to the world's largest open-cut copper mine at Panguna, which at the time provided up to 45 per cent of Papua New Guinea's export profits. The civil war that subsequently broke out between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army, Papua New Guinean forces and other pro-PNG militias on the island saw the mine shut down in 1989, and it has remained closed despite controversial attempts to reopen it in recent years. But Mr Kama said he doubted there would be a resurgence of violence, given the peace that has endured over the past two decades. 'The strength of the vote would seem to make it all but inevitable. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. The vote officially ended on December 7 and, according to the Bougainville Referendum Commission, it was completed without major incident. Description. But former radio announcer Peter Sohia was optimistic. The neighboring Buka Island is the second largest island in Bougainville, and it’s home to the region’s airport and interim capital, Buka Town. Bougainville residents queue to vote at a polling station in an historic independence vote in Buka on November 23, 2019. That 10-year conflict, which raged from 1988 until 1998, saw the deaths of up to 20,000 people, or around 10 per cent of Bougainville's population at that time. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. La Bougainville Rugby Football League (BRFL), affiliée à la Papua New Guinea Rugby Football League (PNGRFL), compte dans le championnat 2018 huit clubs [17]. Instead, Bougainville … In 2011, the region had an … Culturally, the people of Bougainville have more in common with the people of Solomon Islands than Papua New Guinea — this was one of multiple factors that have driven calls for independence. Published: 03:53 EST, 11 December 2019 | Updated: 11:14 EST, 11 December 2019. Nations beyond PNG are also keeping close tabs. 'There's no misinterpreting this result - Bougainville wants independence' said Shane McLeod of Sydney's Lowy Institute. Share . People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital Buka in a historical independence vote on November 25, Residents hold a Bougainville flag at a polling station during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa in November. "The media needs to be responsible in conveying that message of peace, and of reconciliation, more than a message of some sort of threat or alarm.". At the time, the Panguna mine accounted for more than half of Papua New Guinea's export earnings. patience and finally steer the island to independence. Play it now. A result in favour of independence is widely expected, but what happens after is far from clear — the vote is non-binding, and Papua New Guinea's Parliament has the final say. The referendum received worldwide attention, including in New Zealand, which has been heavily invested in the region through its long-term peacekeeping efforts. Bougainville was part of Australian-administered PNG from 1915 until PNG’s independence in 1975. Once the results are announced, the governments of Papua New Guinea and Bougainville will enter a period of consultation — the path forward will then need to be ratified by a vote in PNG's Parliament, and that's where things could get tricky. The South Pacific archipelago of Bougainville on Wednesday overwhelmingly voted to become independent of Papua New Guinea, becoming the world's latest territory to … Since French explorer Louis de Bougainville arrived on the palm-fringed Melanesian archipelago more than two hundred years ago, control has passed from Germany, to Australia, to Japan, to the United Nations and eventually to Papua New Guinea. This group consists of multiple islands and atolls, of which Bougainville Island is the largest. AEST = Australian Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to vote on whether Melanesian isles will become world’s newest country. And despite having the support of Australia, Papua New Guinea was … "We're arranging for the bamboo bands to play, the kids are preparing themselves to dance [at] the polling booths.". Members of the Bougainville Women's Federation cheer in Buka after results were announced in an independence referendum today, Ballot boxes arrive from south Bougainville for registration at the Buka count centre ahead of the result announcement. The people of Bougainville have voted overwhelmingly in favour of the autonomous region becoming independent from Papua New Guinea - a major step towards the group of islands becoming the world's newest nation. The Pacific islands of Bougainville are voting in a historic referendum to decide if it will become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. La Bougainville Rugby Football League (BRFL), affiliée à la Papua New Guinea Rugby Football League (PNGRFL), compte dans le championnat 2018 huit clubs [17]. Update: 2020-04-05. Related Story: Bougainville may become the world's newest nation — here's what you need to know A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. The comments below have been moderated in advance. Here's what's being recommended, Papua New Guinea's Parliament has the final say, remained closed despite controversial attempts to reopen it in recent years, failing to pay out the full amount in grants and other monies owed to Bougainville under the peace agreement, Bougainville's 20-year journey to likely independence could lead to 'crisis' in Pacific, Indefinite moratorium imposed at troubled Bougainville mine, Rival companies ramp up battle to reopen controversial Bougainville mine, China says new technology will allow for vast areas of artificial rainfall and hail suppression, Internet gaming addict killed infant son in 'spontaneous act of rage', court hears, Trump spy chief labels China biggest threat to freedom since World War II, Just outside the White House, this plaza was the first clue Trump was in trouble, Adelaide paramedic found not guilty of causing patient's death in ambulance rollover, T20 women's world champs win prestigious The Don award for inspirational performances, Enigma encryption machine used by Nazis in World War II found on bottom of ocean, Biden says reports of pardons for Trump's children concern him a 'great deal', Donald Trump loses legal battle to overturn election results in Wisconsin, WA Attorney-General tries to link senior Liberal MP to corruption inquiry, Public servant stood down over historical sex abuse allegation. km pacific island and was first subject to European contact in 1768 when Louis Antoine De Bougainville landed there and, in an act of typical vainglory, named it for himself. Tune in as RN's Rear Vision explores the history of Bougainville, a place of vast mineral resources where a foreign mining company wreaked massive environmental destruction and sparked a lengthy civil war. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of islands to become the world’s newest nation. It is situated far from the PNG mainland, to the southeast of the larger island of New Britain and immediately north of the Solomon Islands. According to this act, Bougainville was supposed to be a part of Papua New Guinea but is declared itself to be a republic of the North Solomon. Bougainville looks set to become the world’s newest nation after voters backed independence from Papua New Guinea About 98% of people on South Pacific island voted in favour of independence Only 3,043 voters supported Bougainville remaining part of Papua New Guinea Bal Kama, a PhD candidate at the Australian National University, said the voting margin would most likely play a role in how Port Moresby approaches post-vote negotiations. Today's results will prompt a dash for influence among regional powers China, the United States and Australia. This means Bougainville has its own constitution, government, and public service, and it controls certain areas like policing and health. 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Bougainville Island (Tok Pisin: Bogenvil) is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. Self-government was given to Papua New Guinea on December 1973 and full independence from Australia on September 1975. Many Bougainvilleans however feel a closer cultural affinity to the nearby Solomon Islands, with a strong provincial identity that differs from the tribal factions of other regions of Papua New Guinea. Was everything 110 per cent rosy all the way? "This vote is the outcome of the agreement of the two governments, after consultations and our reconciliation ceremonies with the defence force and the former rebel fighters. The mine is estimated to still hold more than five million tonnes of copper and 19 million ounces of gold - worth billions of dollars at current market prices. Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… ', 'Port Moresby will need to quickly digest the result,' he added, 'they'll need to be ready to talk about the timetable for independence.'. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to vote on whether Melanesian isles will become world’s newest country. Its lead up was closely observed, both by international peacekeepers, and by the press, with many claiming Bougainville could be the next “new nation.” 4. People voting in the referendum will be given two options to choose from: greater autonomy from Papua New Guinea or complete independence. In a statement the Bougainville Government simply said the meeting has been put back two weeks, with no explanation. Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. Australia could soon have a new country as a neighbour when the Papua New Guinea's autonomous region of Bougainville votes in an independence referendum later this year. Under the peace agreement, Papua New Guinea was supposed to gradually pass down more powers to the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) — but Dr McKenna said this process had been slow. Following weeks of anticipation, the people of Bougainville woke on Wednesday to news of a new president-elect. Bougainville is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea, consisting of Bougainville Island, Buka Island, and a number of outlying islands and atolls Photo: Johnny Blades / RNZ Pacific. These are politically separate from the Solomon Islands which is a sovereign country. Lying 1500 kilometres from Queensland, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is physically and ecologically distinct from the remainder of PNG. Bougainville is the largest island of the entire extensive group of the Solomon Islands which forms a part of the Northern Salomon Islands. When the overwhelming result for independence was handed down, people spontaneously started singing it again. The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of islands to become the world’s newest nation. Morrison's demand for apology over fake image 'unfortunate', Chinese deputy ambassador says, How do you protect women from abuse? Latest News . Bougainville’s recently-elected president, a former rebel commander, will now lead independence negotiations. Bougainville consists of a small cluster of islands and atolls that are, for now, part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Politicians, he said, 'now have a huge task to implement the wishes of our people.'. The Pacific islands of Bougainville are voting in a historic referendum to decide if it will become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. "Whatever the outcome, it won't make us cross or fight. - In the 19th century, Bougainville was colonised by Germany. The Pacific people of Bougainville on Saturday began voting in a historic referendum to decide if they want to become the world’s newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. It is perhaps the high point of a 20-year peace process that in turn followed a gruelling, 10-year battle for independence waged between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and PNG Defence Force. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. A decade-long civil war in the 1990s, often referred to as the “Bougainville crisis” (those familiar with the Lloyd Jones novel Mr Pip will recognize the setting) devastated the region. Bougainville is a series of islands to the east of Papua New Guinea and the north-east of Australia, and it is technically part of the same island chain that makes up the Pacific nation of Solomon Islands. Big question marks remain over Bougainville's ability to support itself financially if granted independence — there is a significant amount of post-conflict infrastructure rebuilding that needs to be done, despite hostilities ending more than two decades ago. Bougainville is a 9000 sq. “The new president is one who can lead Bougainville as the next critical phase of the peace process is continued.’’ The PM further stated that “The 2001 Bougainville Peace Agreement is an historical document. It formed the main landmass of the German Empire -associated North Solomons. Australasia. original video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=qjig_qNUmsM My Bougainville is the anthem of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. The process (1) _____ for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. "It's very complex to understand what the current state of autonomy is, let alone what a 'greater degree of autonomy' might mean," she said. Citizens of the autonomous region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea overwhelmingly voted for independence, which means it may become the world’s newest country. Thousands of workers, not all of them from Bougainville, staffed the mine, which was operated by Rio Tinto subsidiary Bougainville Copper. The result must first be ratified by Papua New Guinea's parliament - where there is opposition to the move for fear it may spark other independence movements in a nation defined by disparate linguistic and tribal groups. Bertie Ahern, the Chairman of the Bougainville Referendum Commission, declared today that 176,928 people - around 98 per cent of voters - had backed independence in a referendum. Scotland may hold the answer, Japan will 'spare no effort' to deliver safe Olympics, despite immense budget blowout, After fleeing violence in Myanmar, hundreds of Rohingya are now being moved to a remote island, Sydney hotel worker likely caught COVID-19 from self-isolating US airline crew, Jury in Jarryd Hayne rape trial says it's unable to reach unanimous verdict, Mother accused of misusing son's funeral funds hasn't had grief counselling despite 50 requests, lawyers say, India stifles Australia's chase following controversial concussion sub to take 1-0 lead in T20 series, Spies could soon have greater powers to snoop on calls. A false start for PNG-Bougainville consultations The Interpreter 19:24 1-Dec-20. There are concerns MPs may be reluctant to vote in favour of an independent Bougainville due to the region's vast resources, and out of fear that other parts of the country may seek to follow suit. Many Bougainvilleans were realistic about difficulties ahead. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to … But they are geographically located far from the PNG mainland and the islanders trace their ethnic and cultural kinship instead to the Solomon Islands, an archipelago to the immediate southeast of Bougainville. A Lowy Institute research paper warns there is potential for another "regional crisis" if the people of Bougainville vote for independence, but are unable to reach an agreement with the PNG Government. Call for action over sorcery killings in Bougainville Radio New Zealand 21:39 22-Nov-20. It was a clear sign of the separate identity that Bougainvilleans have long maintained. Former Bougainville MP Theresa Jaintong, who is also a local chief and the president of PNG's National Council of Women, made similar comments this week to Radio Australia's Tok Pisin service. 'Do something, you useless f***': Angry climate activists... Ex-Nomads president Moudi Tajjour whinges about having to... Farm Heroes Saga, the #4 Game on iTunes. The Bougainville Referendum Commission has highlighted several "examples of powers that could be available" if voters choose greater autonomy, including power over industrial relations, taxation, and international aid and trade. Independence could see Bougainville forge its own diplomatic ties, create its own currency and join the United Nations, among a range of other powers. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. It was due to the lack of international recognition due to which the republic failed and Bougainville was then merged into Papua New Guinea. Bougainville to become world’s newest nation after independence vote. John Momis, right, president of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, prepares to vote in Buka, Papua New Guinea, Saturday, Nov. 23, 2019, in a historic referendum to decide if they want to become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. 2803 - Bougainville: Civil War leads to new nation. SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … The referendum saw 85 per cent voter turnout during three weeks of voting, with 97.7 per cent of voters choosing independence from Papua New Guinea over the second option, which was remaining, but with greater … The referendum saw 85 per cent voter turnout during three weeks of voting, with 97.7 per cent of voters choosing independence from Papua New Guinea over the second option, which was remaining, but with greater … "I think there is a great deal of awareness that mining can create harmful events — nowhere is that more obvious than in Bougainville," she said. Even if the expected result in favour of independence comes to fruition, don't expect a new country to be created in the immediate future. Concern PNG political instability might disrupt Bougainville talks Radio New Zealand 05:54 20-Nov-20. The voting period, which begins today, will last for two weeks with results expected about halfway through December. Puka Temu, Port Moresby's minister for Bougainville affairs, said 'the outcome is a credible one' but asked that voters 'allow the rest of Papua New Guinea sufficient time to absorb this result'. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. Bougainville obtiendrait également plus de pouvoir en matière de levée d’impôts et de taxes [16]. The Joint Supervisory Body, the JSB, was to meet on Friday in Port Moresby. "People will often tell you things like 'Bougainville has shed blood, they've been through a lot, and they now deserve to have their choice respected.". At the time, this was 10 per cent of the population. The announcement prompted loud cheers, applause and tears as dignitaries burst into song, with strains of the islands' anthem 'My Bougainville' ringing out. Bougainville housed one of the world's largest open-cut copper mines through the '70s and '80s. 'Now, at least psychologically, we feel liberated,' said John Momis, the priest-turned-leader of the autonomous region's government. Voting began on November 23 with ecstatic residents - some festooned in grass garlands - forming makeshift choirs that stomped through the streets, waving independence flags, blowing bamboo pipes and chanting in chorus. The Papua New Guinea and Bougainville Governments have delayed a key meeting. Along with the upcoming referendum itself, this autonomy was a key part of the 2001 peace agreement signed after the conflict. Jusqu'à peut-être devenir après ce référendum le 194e Etat reconnu par l’ONU, à condition de respecter encore un long processus politique. Former Bougainville Revolutionary Army Commander Ishmael Toroama, from Central Bougainville, will take up the mantle of president from John Momis. patience and finally steer the island to independence. Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… In the last 7 days. Watched by New Zealand’s foreign minister Don McKinnon (middle), Gerard Sinato (left), premier of the PNG-aligned Bougainville Transitional Government, and … Background on Bougainville The 1886 Anglo-German Agreement separated Bougainville, which is culturally and geographically a part of the Solomon Islands. Après avoir été contrôlée successivement par l'Allemagne, l'Australie, le Japon, les Nations unies, Bougainville appartient et dépend de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée mais dispose d'un gouvernement autonome. 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