Flies close to the water in straight line. 12. I studied brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) behavior at two sites within this marine zone of responsible fishing; Tárcoles (N09 45.376' - W084 37.642'), a fishing town, and Punta Leona (N09 42.299' - W084 39.853'), a hotel and nature reserve. Discover more fun facts about the brown pelican and learn what makes … These birds usually live in groups, called flocks, which fly and forage together. The length of the brown pelican measures around 106 – 137 cm (42 – 54 inches). Brown Pelican: Large, unmistakable seabird, gray-brown body, dark brown, pale yellow head and neck, oversized bill. Pelicans have also learned that a steep dive angle, between 60 and 90 degrees, reduces aiming errors caused by water surface refraction. When they are not fishing, they rest and dry their wings on a nice sunny dock or piling. We know that pelicans “learn” this behavior because adults are better marksmen than young birds. [Splash] Upon impact, the Brown Pelican opens its bill and expands its pouch, trapping small fish inside. Brown Pelican Facts. wide Weight Approximately 2.7 to 3.18 kg (6 to 7 lbs.) This species feeds on fish and has a very unique way of foraging. The brown pelican is a large, grayish-brown bird with a blackish belly and a white head and neck. Louisiana’s state bird, the brown pelican is also the smallest of the world’s pelican species. We know that pelicans “learn” this behavior because adults are better marksmen than young birds. 11. Most Brown Pelicans are diurnal, and hunt for fish during the day. Gulls will often try to steal fish from the Brown Pelican’s pouch as it drains the water out. With its unique behavior and classic pelican proportions, however, this member of the Pelecanidae bird family is instantly recognizable and a popular bird along coastlines from North America to northern South America. Flies close to the water in straight line. Brown Pelican: Large, unmistakable seabird, gray-brown body, dark brown, pale yellow head and neck, oversized bill. Black legs, webbed feet. ; These species weigh around 2.75 – 5.5 kg (6.1 – 12 lb). ; The wingspan of these types of pelicans is 1.83 – 2.5 metres (6.0 – 8.2 feet). Threat displays, often carried out when another pelican is too close to an individual’s nest involve head swaying, indicating readiness to interact, and bowing and a "hrraa-hrraa" sound. Brown pelican chicks spend little time in the nest, only about five weeks. Diet Includes fish and surface minnows Incubation 28 to 30 days Clutch Size 1 to 3 eggs Powerful flight alternates flaps with short glides. tall; 210 cm (84 in.) 13. Adult Brown Pelicans incubate their eggs with their webbed feet. The Brown Pelican is a comically elegant bird with an oversized bill, sinuous neck, and big, dark body. ; They have grayish long bill, with a white head, pale yellow eyes coupled with almost black breast gives it at a completely unique look. depth of <15 meters along the shoreline. They feed by plunge-diving from high up, using the force of impact to stun small fish before scooping them up. Powerful flight alternates flaps with short glides. Feeds on fish by plunge diving and scooping them up with pouch. During this period, the fledglings learn to fly by standing at the size of the nest and imitating their parent, whom typically is standing on a nearby tree branch flapping its own wings. Black legs, webbed feet. Upon impact, the Brown Pelican opens its bill and expands its pouch, trapping small fish inside. Feeds on fish by plunge diving and scooping them up with pouch. Size Approximately 120 cm (48 in.) 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