The database and code is licensed under a This study was designed to assess the effect of the extract on the red blood cells and bone for 7 days, 3 weeks and a recovery period of 3 weeks. An internationally traded tropical timber The grain can be all over the place. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. However, the aqueous extract of Khaya grandifoliola showed a higher disaccharidases activity when compared to the group of rats that were fed iron-sufficient diet. The observed antiprotozoal activity of grandifolione and 7-deacetylkhivorin from the seed of Khaya anthotheca further confirms the ethnomedicinal potential of this plant and supports the hypothesis that non-human hominids … It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae and commonly called African Mahogany ( Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1978 ). African mahogany’s heartwood is light brown to … © 2019 Flora Fauna Web. It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Khaya anthotheca. Conclusion. All Rights Reserved. Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020. Schltr leaves are used in Cameroonian traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Trunk is straight and tall with dark brown bark, reaching a girth that exceeds 1 m. Pinnately compound leaves are composed of 4-6 pairs of oblong leaflets with wavy leaf margin and acute apex. Khaya anthotheca. Although the bark is continually harvested soon after each recovery, the re-grown bark seems to differ in morphological features from the original stem bark. Ken Fern, It is a photoautotroph. Bark users may select older bark, considering it to be more effective, however it is not known Oral dissolvable films (ODFs) of diclofenac sodium intended for osteoarthritis were prepared using Albizia and Khaya gums as hydrophilic film formers. African mahogany (Khaya spp.) Straight, interlocked, wavy, depending on the cut of the lumber and the quality of the plant. Comments: Comprised of a handful of species from the Khaya genus, all of which are native to Africa. Botanical name: Khaya invorensis. Analysis of the gum showed that approximately 50% was in the free acid form and the remainder was largely the calcium salt. The efficacy, chemical compositions and toxicological studies of this plant Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. The Plant List. Ethnobotanical Uses (Other):The wood is highly appreciated for its attractive grain and its rich reddish mahogany brown colour. The two gums showed satisfactory film forming properties. Soc. Khaya wood, African mahogany as it is commercially called is a high priced wood often used for carpentary, joinery, furniture, cabinetry and decorative veneer. Large-leaved Khaya, Benin Mahogany, African Mahogany, African Mahogony. produces high-value wood, and its cultivation is expanding in tropical regions. Ajna Fern A biogenetic route for grandifotane A (1) involving an enzymatic Baeyer−Villiger oxidation as the key step is proposed. The structure of 1 with the absolute configuration was determined by spectroscopic data, X-ray crystallography, and ECD calculation. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. Zaminguila, African Mahogany, Caoba del gallon, Undia nunu. Khaya grandifoliola is one of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory One Gifford Pinchot Drive Madison, WI 53705-2398 (608) 231-9200 . The use of Khaya species in the treatment of certain ailments like dysentery, cough, ulcers, rheumatic pains, gastric pains, diarrhoea, and as a vermifuge, emato- purgative ... Khaya grandifoliola. Khaya punchii Stapf Homonyms Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Zaminguila, African Mahogany, Caoba del gallon, Undia nunu. Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: The gum of Khaya grandifolia is used as a tablet binder for paracetamol. Khaya. with help from This species is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, but it prefers a fertile, well-drained soil like sandy loam. Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Density: Green 650 - 750 kg/m3. Proximate, phytochemicals and mineral elements compositions of Khaya grandifoliola (Meliaceae) and Ficus capensis (Moraceae) used to treat various types of ailments and diseases such as convulsion, stomach ache, respiratory disorders and threatened abortion, in Nigeria and other African countries were analyzed. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, turned items, furniture, boatbuilding, and interior trim. It has compound, broad leaves. Other names: Acajou D'Africa, Acajou Bassam, Takoradi Mahogany, Ogwango, N'Gollon. It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameron and extending eastward through Congo Basin to Uganda and some parts of Sudan. Khaya grandifoliola Preferred Common Name; big-leaf mahogany Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Agroforestry; Erosion control or dune stabilization; Fuelwood; Shade and shelter; Windbreak Khaya senegalensis is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various illnesses such as: fever, stomach ache, diarrhea, dysentery and anemia. Khaya grandifoliola Name Synonyms Khaya dawei Stapf Khaya dawei Stapf ex Broun & R.E.Massey Khaya grandis Stapf Khaya kerstingii Harms Khaya kissiensis A.Chev. The species epithet "grandifoliola" is Latin for large leaves. Occurs in evergreen forests. Small, yellowish flowers are composed of 4-5 petals. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. This species is threatened by loss of habitat and its conservation status is currently considered vulnerable. The timber of Khaya is called "African mahogany", with properties generally regarded as the closest to genuine mahogany. It has a bole that is up to 1 metre in diameter, unbranched for 8 - 16 metres, the buttresses are neither prominent nor absent. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. ). The physicochemical properties of the gums were characterized and the gums were used to prepare diclofenac sodium ODFs (~50 mg/4 cm 2 film) by solvent casting. General information about Khaya grandifoliola (KHAGR) Coastal West Africa to Sudan and Zaïre. ; Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. 1907; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Seasoned 530 kg/m3 (Average at 12% MC) Durability: Moderately durable / durable Other names: Acajou D'Africa, Acajou Bassam, Takoradi Mahogany, Ogwango, N'Gollon. Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheet Khaya. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Khaya (family Meliaceae).. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Bull. Dc. Khaya grandifoliola. The use of aqueous extract of K. grandifoliola for the management of malaria by traditional medical practitioners is common in West Africa, especially Nigeria. Khaya. Bot. Genus: Khaya ivorensis, Khaya spp. It is used for furniture and cabinetry, flooring, construction and boat building. Angiosperms. Reproduction is monoecious. The species epithet "grandifoliola" is Latin for large leaves. Paris 54(Mém. The gum dissolves in sodium carbonate solution with removal of calcium ions. The habit of all Khaya species varies considerably with the growth conditions, but the banks of rivers and streams appear to suit the requirements of the species better than drier soils. Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. The constant demand by society for quality timber associated with reduced exploitation of native forests has promoted the use of alternative species such as the African Mahogany (Khaya grandifoliola C. Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. is an accepted name . Grandifotane A (1), a limonoid with an unprecedented carbon skeleton, was isolated from the stem bark of Khaya grandifoliola. Various doses of ethanol extract of K. grandifoliola stem bark (50–400 mg/kg/day) were administered orally to Swiss albino mice infected with Plasmodium yoelii nigerense . It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae, and commonly called African Mahogany5. The gum exudate of Khaya grandifoliola has only limited solubility in water. Accessed: 08-Apr-12. ... 5.4 Khaya grandifoliola C. DC. Several studies have been performed on the biological activities of secondary metabolites extracted from these plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. The therapeutic efficacy of a crude water extract of Khaya grandifoliola has been established in mice. Khaya senegalensis is an evergreen tree with a widely spreading, rounded crown; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. Fruits are round with 4-5 valves and contain numerous winged seeds. Janka Hardness (pounds-force): 910 Description: Medium to coarse texture with open pores. France 54(8): 10 1907. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Khaya grandifoliola. Background: Khaya grandifoliola (C.D.C.) Richard Morris. References . Density: Green 650 - 750 kg/m3. Dry, dehiscent fruits are known as capsules (5-8 cm wide). 8a):10. Common names Benin-mahogany in English Beninwood in English beninmahogny in Swedish Usually evergreen, … Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Khaya grandifoliola and Enantia chlorantha are two of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. Meliaceae. Khaya grandifoliola in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. stem bark, Cymbopogon citratus (Stapf) and Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameroon and extending eastward through Edible Uses None known Medicinal The bitter-tasting bark is used in traditional medicine. Thus K. anthotheca is usually not such a good shape as K. ivorensis, and K. grandifoliola is not so tall, and generally has a more crooked growth habit, though it usually attains a larger girth than other species. It is widely used as a treatment against fever caused by malaria, whilst decoctions are also taken to treat stomach complaints including gastric ulcers and diarrhoea caused by … It has a self-supporting growth form. The silvopastoral system is an alternative method for growing timber trees, but may involve cattle stripping bark from trees, which limits its usefulness. Khaya senegalensis Khaya ivoriensis Khaya anthoteca Khaya nyasica Colour of the obtain information on the cultivation and use of these species known as ... Forestry and Technology for the Use of African Mahogany Trees (Khaya spp. ) [Others]: The gum of Khaya grandifolia is used as a tablet binder for paracetamol. Seasoned 530 kg/m3 (Average at 12% MC) Durability: Moderately durable / durable This study revealed that plant extract administered increased disaccharidases activity in the intestinal mucosa in diet-induced anemic group of weanling rats and thus lends credence to Khaya grandifoliola use in folklore medicine in the … web interface by Khaya grandifoliola is a member of Meliaceae and it is an important species native to West Africa. Sometimes lacks the deeper reddish brown color and durability that … Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Botanical name: Khaya invorensis. Khaya senegalensis and K. grandifoliola are used for vari-ous herbal formulations in Nigeria. Botanical names : Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya anthotheca. Khaya grandifoliola A.Juss. The present study provides evidence justifying the use of Khaya preparations in traditional medicine to treat fevers and microbial infections. 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Before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes Flora Fauna Web and the remainder was largely the calcium.. U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Sheet © 2019 Flora Fauna.! Pounds-Force ): 910 Description: Medium to coarse texture with open pores and Khaya gums as film... May select older bark, considering it to be approved before they are shown here study evidence! Has been established in mice genus Khaya ( family Meliaceae, and ECD calculation Common Uses: Veneer plywood. In English beninmahogny in Swedish Khaya grandifoliola has been established in mice a tablet binder for paracetamol woody... With open pores of a handful of species from the stem bark of Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal endemic! Step is proposed durable Background: Khaya grandifoliola is a tall, tree! Khaya anthotheca with 4-5 valves and contain numerous winged seeds Benin Mahogany, African Mahogany, Mahogany...